Just as every individual has a unique personality, every leader has a different leadership style that he or she functions best in. Today we’ll explore the 6 most popular leadership styles according to research by internationally-known psychologist and author, Dr. Daniel Goleman.
- COMMANDING: “Just do it. Now.” This militaristic leadership style maintains tight control on the team. The commanding leader demands immediate obedience. While too much of this style can have a negative impact on the atmosphere, it can be helpful during a crisis.
- VISIONARY: “We’ll do it together. Come.” This style inspires a team to rally around a vision or dream. The visionary is a catalyst for change. This leader gives direction to help a team move towards a common goal.
- AFFILIATIVE: “My team comes first.” This leader fosters harmony and boosts moral. The affiliative leader places emphasis on people and on building healthy relationships in the team. This style can calm conflict and can motivate people during stressful situations.
- DEMOCRATIC: “What do you think?” This style places emphasis on collaboration. This leader values people’s input, is a great listener, and a team player.
- PACESETTING: “This is how we’re going to do it.” This leader has a high standard for performance. Sometimes the pacesetting leader can be impatient or micromanage, but he often achieves challenging and exciting goals.
- COACHING: “Let me help. Try this.” This leader is able to develop people for the future. The coach can identify strengths and weaknesses in the team and can help each person grow.
Every leader will naturally function in one of the six styles, however, the most effective leaders are able to switch between the different styles depending on the circumstance. Sometimes you’ll need to be a coach to your team. Other times you’ll have to set the pace. Adjust your leadership style to fit the situation.
So, what’s your natural leadership style? For a short test, click here.
For more information on leadership styles, click here.